1. How to use references
WriteOnline also has a great section on writing lab reports - for examples of how to reference in-text look at the section "Paraphrase Examples"
(the examples below are from a Sample Lab Report on Frog Jumping)
Citing within a sentence
We hypothesized that the increased muscle mass shown in earlier studies (Hylaflex and Smith, 1988) would result in improved jumping distance.
Citing at the beginning of a sentence
The results presented here also have serious implications for the use of JCl- in frog jumping contests. Twainson (1990) expressed concern that the increased occurence of doping with this drug in frog jumping contests may have dire consequences for the sport.
The Reference List
Hylaflex, A and Smith R (1988)........
Twainson, F, (1990)............
Further Writing Sources for you:
Pechenik, Jan A. 2013. A short guide to writing about Biology. Boston: Pearson. QH304 .P43 2013 Davis Library
WriteOnline Lab Report - Look at section on paraphrasing
Note on citing your Lab Manual: because there is no explicite instructions from APA on how to cite a lab manual you will have to use the most similar type of resource, which is a book, to use as a model for citing. Therefore, your reference should have the same structure as a book, no author.
5. APA Citation Style for Lab Report Reference List
APA Citation Guides are widely available:
Online guide (from RDC Library)
Online guide (from U. Wisconsin - Madison)
Print available at our libraries "Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association" (Call number: BF 76.7 .P83 2010)
RefWorks can create APA References
3. Find Journal Articles to Support Your Lab Report
An excellent lab report uses current literature to compare your lab results and interpretations. This is done within the discussion section. Find examples of how the lab technique is currently applied bridges the gap between isolated lab techniques and real world uses.
How to search in research databases (1-2 min videos)
Research Databases for Bio 130 Labs
& how to use them
How to search Scopus video (2 min)
Scopus is a multisiciplinary database. It includes the PubMed index + more.
How to Search PubMed video (1 min)
Specialized database (search engine) for biomedical and life sciences research.
4. How to Quickly Scan for Relevant Articles
Link to Full-Text articles using:
Get it @ Waterloo
TIPS - Choosing and Reading Journal Articles Video (1.5 min)
The basic steps to follow:
1. Sort your results list by Relevance.
What are Journal Articles - Scholarly /Research/ Primary
1. Research or primary articles report an author's NEW, never before published research results from experiments/field studies.
2. Review articles gather, analyse and summarize EXISTING, published relevant research articles on a specific topic.
3. Peer-reviewed articles have been judged by an impartial panel of two or more experts in the field and accepted for publication based on the accuracy and importance of the work.