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The sections on this page point to resources relating to the history of First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples. The geographic and temporal coverage focus mainly but not exclusively on what is now Canada from the time of colonial settlement.
The sections cover:
The Haldimand Treaty of 1784
Article and book (secondary) sources
by Indigenous historians
Find more: Indigenous Research guide (a library guide for all disciplines)
"... “Historian” in this case is broadly defined as a person who researches and presents Indigenous histories in essays, stories, photographs, videos, podcasts, or through other means and whose work is based in oral history and traditions, archival research, archaeology, and material interpretation..."
From the Canadian Historical Association. "We have sought to emphasize work by Indigenous scholars and, as a general rule, work published within the last two decades. We are well aware that this is a partial syllabus, both in scope and execution." -- August 22, 2019
Parmenter, Jon. “The Meaning of Kaswentha and the Two Row Wampum Belt in Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) History: Can Indigenous Oral Tradition Be Reconciled with the Documentary Record?” Journal of Early American History 3, no. 1 (2013): 82–109.
This guide consists of a curated list of datasets that include ethnicity and race variables which can be used to facilitate anti-racism research in Canada.
Via Scholars Portal: a service of the Ontario Council of University Libraries. Coverage: 2000s - present
Facilitates the study of invasion and colonization. Find materials relating to customs, dance, music, warfare, peace treaties, removal grants, legends, and myths. Coverage: 1600s - 2000s
Search manuscripts, newspapers, photographs, images of artwork, and more. Included are "Iroquois Indians: a documentary history of the diplomacy of the Six Nations and their league" and the Javitch Collection (University of Alberta)
Department of Indian Affairs. Contains admission and discharge records of students as well as files on the establishment of individual schools.
Look for the "Help" link to find a pdf file that lists specific volumes, schools, and agencies and the corresponding microfilm reel number. Coverage: 1879 - 1953