Step 1 – Identifying key terms
Topic: Impact of standing desks
Research Question: Do standing desks reduce the occurrence of high blood pressure in adults?
|Concept 1 (Population)||Concept 2 (Intervention/Theory)||Concept 3 (Comparison)||Concept 4 (Outcomes/Effect/Phenomena)|
|Middle-aged adults who work at a desk||Standing desk||Sitting; stability ball; treadmill desk||high blood pressure|
Sit; Sitting; Seated
stability ball; Bosu Ball
Low blood pressure
Blood pressure regulation
diastolic blood pressure
mean arterial pressure
Step 2 – Identifying what information is needed and where it is located
Step 3 – Creating and refining your search
Databases are organized and searchable collections of information such as articles, newspapers, reviews, and datasets. Databases can be subject specific or multidisciplinary.
To identify the top databases recommended for your discipline by Waterloo librarians, consult the Library's Research guides.
The Library’s Find an article page will help you learn to search for articles including accessing a database and downloading a full-text .pdf.
Note that some databases are indexes. Indexes are a special type of database that contain only data about the article, not the article itself. You will usually be able to find the full-text version in another database.
Journals and articles can vary in quality. See the Evaluating sources section for information on how to judge the quality of a source.
Reference works, such as dictionaries, encyclopedias and handbooks, are great for giving you an overview of a topic. Many of them also include an extensive reference list for further reading.
In Economics, a major reference work is The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics.
Searching Google is an effective, and often the best, way of locating information and reports from government, quasi-government, think tanks, industry organizations, etc.
When using Google, remember that it is EXTREMELY important to evaluate the source. See the Evaluating sources tab for details.
There are a variety of databases for finding and accessing journal articles which could be helpful for your assignment.
Two which you should definitely check out are:
Both of these databases contain almost exclusively sources which are academic/scholarly and/or peer-reviewed. Therefore, much of the evaluation work regarding accuracy and authority is already done. However, you will still need to think about relevancy, date, and reason for writing..