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Access to Statistics Canada's Public Use Microdata Files (PUMFs) Coverage: Varies
ODESI is a web-based retrieval system for accessing Public Use Microdata Files (PUMFs) and other datasets provided under the Data Liberation Initiative (DLI). Access to files is available to current faculty, students, and staff and may only be used for research, teaching, and non-commercials activities.
Data vs. Statistics vs. Information
These terms are often used interchangeably, but they are actually very different, as shown via the following example:
Movie rentals per month by university students
2, 3, 2, 5
Average number of rentals=3
520 university students rent fewer than 5 movies per month
10, 15, 11
Average number of rentals=12
20 university students rent more than 10 movies per month
According to Statistics Canada, statistics refers to "a type of information obtained through mathematical operations on numerical data."
Statistics are generally presentation-ready.
Examples of statistics include:
the median income of people in a city
the average number of children per family in a neighbourhood
the average temperature over the past week
According to Statistics Canada, data are "the raw material from which information is obtained" or the "facts or figures from which conclusions can be drawn."
Data will need to be manipulated in order for them to be meaningful.
Examples of data include
the individual income levels of every person in a city
the actual number of children per family for each family in the neighbourhood
the temperature, taken at hourly intervals, during a one-week period