This guide provides Canadian, U.S., and international sources for statistics and data.
More specific sources can be found under Sources by Subject... .
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These terms are often used interchangeably, but they are actually very different, as shown in the following table.
Table: Movie Rentals per Month by University Students
|2, 3, 2, 1, 4, 3, etc.||average number of rentals: 2.5||20 university students rent fewer than 5 movies per month|
|10, 15, 12, 14, 18, etc.||average number of rentals: 14||20 university students rent more than 10 movies per month|
Statistics are generally presentation-ready; Data will need to be manipulated in order for it to be meaningful.
According to Statistics Canada, statistics refers to "a type of information obtained through mathematical operations on numerical data" (Statistics: Power from Data!).
Examples of statistics include:
Yes, "data" is plural! (singular form: datum)
According to Statistics Canada, data are "the raw material from which information is obtained" or the "facts or figures from which conclusions can be drawn" (Statistics: Power from Data!)
The Data Liberation Initiative (DLI) makes available specific datasets and files, including public use microdata files (PUMFs), to subscribing Canadian post-secondary institutions. The annual subscription fee allows faculty, students, and staff at these institutions unlimited access to these files for research and academic purposes. (DLI Licence)
Access these files directly via ODESI.