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Primary Sources: European/Worldwide: Get

... via UW Library.

Find digital and print sources via the UW Library.

History Research Guide: Primary sources page.

Primary sources

... are first hand observations of a time, person or event, or material culture associated with a time, person or event.

Some types

newspaper and magazine articles .. diaries .. letters .. government reports .. minutes .. advertisements .. photographs .. military,  church,  synagogue records .. shopping lists .. Twitter tweets .. YouTube videos and comments

Analyse this

When examining a primary source, ask yourself the following questions:

  • Who is the author/creator and what was their relationship to the event or issue?
  • Why would the creator have produced the source in this way?
  • Was the source made for personal use only, so intended to be private?  Such as a diary. Or was it created for others to see? Such as a newspaper article, parliamentary debates, a Tweet. How might the author's approach differ depending on the intended audience?
  • What biases or interests might have influenced how the source was designed?
  • Can the information conveyed in source be corroborated by other documents created for the same event or in the same period? 

Here's a document to test using these questions: Coffee-houses vindicated in answer to the late published character of a coffee-house

Title page of the book: Coffee-houses vindicated in answer to the late published Character of a coffee-house: asserting from reason, experience, and good authours, the excellent use and physical vertues of that liquor
Available in Early English Books Online.

Two ways to find primary sources acquired by the Library

1. This search in Omni, the Library's catalogue targets records describing primary sources. Give it a try.

  • Run the pre-configured search. THEN ...
  • In the 2nd row add your own keyword(s) that relate to your topic. Separate keywords with AND to ensure all terms appear in the records you retrieve.

Here's an example using poverty AND laws 

screenshot of the primary sources search in the catalogue

2. The Databases page has a Database Types drop down menu. Select "Primary Sources" to retrieve database offerings.


Locate translations

Help citing primary sources