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The AMA Manual of Style requires that your reference list must be in numerical order to reflect the order of your in-text citations.
- This means your reference list is not alphabetical!
- Page 832 of the AMA Manual of Style, 11th edition (2019) gives a great sample reference list
- If the type of information you need to include in your reference list isn't included as an example on this page, consult Chapter 3 of the AMA Manual of Style, 11th edition (2019)
- Numbering: your reference list MUST use regular numbers (not superscripts!)
- Left justified: items in your reference list MUST be left justified (flush left)
- Spacing: each item listed in your reference list MUST be single spaced (no spaces between lines)
Example Reference List
Do not double-space the items in your reference list. Here is what a properly formatted reference list would look like in your paper:
- Fischer MA, Stedman MS, Lii J, et al. Primary medication non-adherence: analysis of 195,930 electronic prescriptions. J Gen Intern Med. 2010;25(4):284–290. doi:10.1007/s11606-010-1253-9
- Canadian Centre on Substance Use and Addiction. Case studies from four Canadian clinics. Published June 2020. Accessed November 23, 2020. https://www.ccsa.ca/sites/default/files/2020-06/CCSA-Expanded-Response-Options-Opioid-Harms-Case-Studies-2020-en.pdf
- Schumock GT, Donnelly A. Business planning for pharmacy programs. In: Zgarrick DP, Desselle SP, Moczygemba LR, Alston G, eds. Pharmacy Management: Essentials for all Pharmacy Practice Settings. 5th ed. McGraw-Hill; 2020:chap 7. Accessed November 25, 2020. https://accesspharmacy-mhmedical-com.proxy.lib.uwaterloo.ca/content.aspx?bookid=2714§ionid=230768189
- Dash D. Young Adult Experiences with a Mobile Smoking Cessation Application: A Qualitative Evaluation of Crush the Crave. Master's thesis. University of Waterloo; 2016. Accessed November 23, 2020. https://uwspace.uwaterloo.ca/handle/10012/10199
Citing Different Types of Sources
Click on the hyperlinked text below to view an example of a citation for each type of source.
Can't find what you need?
If you need an example of how to reference a type of information that isn't included in this guide, consult Chapter 3 of the AMA Manual of Style.