Using high quality evidence in your engineering research, design, and practice is essential to acting with integrity. Clearly showing the evidence you've utilized ensures your credibility, the safety of those who depend on your work, and your reputation. Additionally, by properly citing your sources of information, you situate your work in larger engineering conversations to demonstrate how your work adds value, and fits within the collective body of knowledge.
Depending on your area of research, you will be required to cite your evidence in a variety of different standardized citation formats. These are known as "citation styles". Citation style guides provide guidance and examples of how to correctly format your citations to align with the unique specifications of each citation style.
Proper citation of evidence is an integral part of being a STEM student. The University of Waterloo's Library has created an online module, "Citing your Sources" to provide an overview of how to appropriately incorporate outside sources, including when and how to add citations to your work.