When prompted, ChatGPT may generate text that includes accurate-looking citations. However, it is important to verify the existence of the sources and the accuracy of the information obtained from them.
In the following example, ChatGPT produced a list of three references, of which only the second one exists.
Fig. 1. OpenAI's ChatGPT, response to query from author, February 7, 2023.
To verify the existence of the bibliographic references provided by ChatGPT, we can use different approaches:
Fig. 2. OpenAI's ChatGPT, response to query from author, February 22, 2023.
ISBN (International Standard Book Number) and ISSN (International Standard Serial Number) are international numbers that uniquely identify a book or journal. Using this information, you can use Omni or other tools, such as ISBN search, to find the resource being referred to. In the example above, although the ISBN provided by ChatGPT exists, it corresponds to a different title, in this case Sustainable Development Goals: Law, Theory, and Implementation. The publication year is also different than the one in the citation.
Summary of gender based violence and climate justice and climate change with citations in APA format
Here is a summary of the interconnection between gender-based violence, climate change, and climate justice, with citations in APA format:
Gender-based violence (GBV) and climate change are interconnected issues that have a disproportionate impact on women and girls (Hossain & Price, 2019). Climate change, including natural disasters and resource scarcity, exacerbates existing gender inequalities and increases the risk of GBV (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, 2014). Climate justice, on the other hand, refers to the equitable distribution of the benefits and burdens of actions taken to address climate change (Stern, 2018). In the context of GBV, climate justice requires consideration of the specific experiences and needs of women in decision-making and response to the impacts of climate change (Hossain & Price, 2019).
Hossain, M., & Price, L. (2019). Climate justice and gender-based violence. In Handbook of Climate Justice (pp. 497-512). Edward Elgar Publishing.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). (2014). Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Vulnerability and Exposure. Part A: Global and Sectoral Aspects. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Stern, N. (2018). Climate change and development. Routledge.
When I asked for a summary of the interconnection between gender-based violence, climate change, and climate justice, with citations in APA format, you provided the following reference: 'Hossain, M., & Price, L. (2019). Climate justice and gender-based violence. In Handbook of Climate Justice (pp. 497-512). Edward Elgar Publishing.' Could you please provide an ISBN or ISSN for this publication?
The ISBN for the book "Handbook of Climate Justice," which includes the chapter "Climate Justice and Gender-Based Violence" by Hossain and Price, is 9781786438751. The book was published by Edward Elgar Publishing in 2019.