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Table of Contents
This guide overviews bibliometric measures available in the citation-tracking databases Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar. This guide explores the bibliometric data available in these tools, rather than their general searching functionality! In particular, this guide explores:
To learn about searching these or other databases, please contact your Subject Librarian.
- Citation-tracking databases collect and report a range of bibliometric measures, however their publication and citation data is limited to works indexed in that database. For more information about known limitations to citation-tracking tools, see Citation-Tracking.
- Bibliometric data can support various levels of bibliometric analysis. To understand possible objectives, and appropriate and inappropriate uses of the data at different levels, see: Individual Data, Discipline Data, and Institutional Data.
- Research productivity, impact, and output naturally differs across disciplines, as does the relevance and usefulness of bibliometric measures. The reality is that citation-tracking databases do not capture these known differences well, both in the bibliometric data offered and indexed content.
Basket of measures
Bibliometric measures are one data point! A basket of measures approach can lead to a more robust understanding of elements of research productivity and impact. Beyond bibliometric and altmetric measures, other measures used to capture elements of research productivity and impact include:
- Peer review.
- Type and amount of intellectual property, e.g., patents, licenses, and spin-offs.
- Type and amount of research awards and research funding.
- Highly qualified personnel developed by a researcher or group.
- Publication acceptance rates.
- Altmetrics, or alternative metric data based on online conversations (such as blogs, news site, Twitter, etc,) about a published article.
Research metrics and bibliometric measures work together to form a basket of measures that can provide a broader picture than any single measure
To learn more about the topic of bibliometrics, please see Bibliometrics & Measuring Research Output.