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Biology: Microbiology

Special Topics | Microbiology             

Microbiology is the scientific study of microorganisms (e.g. bacteria, viruses, and fungi). Originally this was directed towards their effects (e.g. in causing disease and decay), but during the 20th century the emphasis shifted to their physiology, biochemistry, and genetics. Microbes are now recognized as important vehicles for the study of biochemical and genetic processes common to all living organisms, and their rapid growth enables their laboratory culture in large numbers for studies in genetics and for biotechnological applications.1


Protocols and Methods

Microbiology Databases and Tools


The European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) is an International Governmental Organization (IGO) which, as part of the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL) family, focuses on research and services in bioinformatics. The EMBL-EBI maintains the world’s most comprehensive range of freely available and up-to-date molecular data resources. 

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) advances science and health by providing access to biomedical and genomic information. The NCBI is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

The JGI is the global leader in generating genome sequences of plants, fungi, microbes, and metagenomes.

1 (2019). microbiology. In Hine, R. (Ed.), A Dictionary of Biology. : Oxford University Press. Retrieved 10 Feb. 2021, from