Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

French Studies: Reference






Civilization and culture



Literary dictionaries and encyclopædias






  • Dictionnaires d'autrefois: French dictionaries of the 17th, 18th, 19th and 20th centuries (ARTFL)
    • Simultaneous search of Jean Nicot's Thresor de la langue française (1606), Jean-François Féraud's Dictionaire critique de la langue française (1787-1788), Émile Littré's Dictionnaire de la langue française (1872-1877) and the Dictionnaire de L'Académie française 1st (1694), 4th (1762), 5th (1798), 6th (1835), and 8th (1932-5) editions.

Literary histories



Literary terminology

Literary theory and criticism

National bibliographies

Research guides

Retrospective bibliographies


   Middle Ages

   16th and 17th Centuries

   18th Century

   19th and 20th Centuries